BELGRADE -- Belgrade was liberated from Nazi occupation on October 20 70 years ago, after four years of occupation that resulted in the death of around 40,000 people.
The operation to free the city was conducted jointly by the Yugoslav Partisans and the Soviet Red Army. They fought for each street and building from October 11 to 20.
However, the Belgrade operation, as one of the biggest and most important battles in the Balkans in World War Two, ended on October 22, with the liberation of the municipality of Zemun, which was at the time part of the Nazi puppet state dubbed the Independent State of Croatia (NDH).
Around 80,000 Yugoslav and Russian troops fought hard for 11 days against some 55,000 German troops of the Army Group Šumadija, commanded by General Hans Felber.
A total of 20,000 people died in the battle for Belgrade, 16,799 of which were German troops, while 8,739 were taken prisoner. The Partisan forces' 1st Army Group suffered 2,944 dead and around 4,000 wounded, while the Red Army's 4th Corps lost 961 troops.